Shabbat Pesach (Passover)

Exodus 12:14; Exodus 12:21–51; Numbers 28:16–25; Joshua 5:2–6:1; John 1:29–31


Exodus 12:14   14 So this day shall be to you a memorial; and you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord throughout your generations. You shall keep it as a feast by an everlasting ordinance.


Exodus 12:27   ‘It is the Passover sacrifice of the Lord, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt when He struck the Egyptians and delivered our households.’ ” So the people bowed their heads and worshiped.

Commentary:   12:27–28a. Jesus instructed His disciples on the cost of commitment to the Father’s will by disclosing His emotions. He was in turmoil (tetaraktai, “stirred, agitated”; cf. 11:33; 14:1) because of the prospect of being made sin (2 Cor. 5:21) in His death. In view of His turmoil, should He shrink back and ask for deliverance from this hour? Certainly not, for His Incarnation was for the very purpose of bringing Him to this hour (cf. John 12:23; 13:1; 17:1). Jesus willingly expressed His submission to the will of the Father in the words, Father, glorify Your name! So also believers in difficulty should stand and embrace His will—desiring that His name be glorified—in spite of conflicting emotions.


Exodus 12:21  “Then Moses summoned all the elders of Israel and said to them, ‘Go at once and select the animals for your families and slaughter the Passover lamb.’”


Exodus 12:1-3   Now the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, “This month shall be your beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you. Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying: ‘On the tenth of this month every man shall take for himself a lamb, according to the house of his father, a lamb for a household.


Exodus 12:22  “Take a bunch of hyssop, dip it into the blood in the basin and put some of the blood on the top and on both sides of the door-frame.”


This lamb’s blood on the doorpost caused the Angel of Death to pass over those within the house, and they were spared the plague that fell upon Egypt — the death of the firstborn.


Numbers 28:16   16 On the fourteenth day of the first month is the Passover of the Lord. 17 And on the fifteenth day of this month is the feast; unleavened bread shall be eaten for seven days.


Exodus 12:23   “When the Lord goes through the land to strike down the Egyptians, He will see the blood on the top and sides of the doorframe and will pass over that doorway, and He will not permit the destroyer to enter your houses and strike you down.”


In today’s reading, Moses, as per God’s instructions, instructs the Jewish People concerning the details of the first Passover offering.


Each family was required to choose a lamb, slaughter it, and place its blood on the top and sides of the door frame to prevent the Lord’s angels from killing the firstborn in every family of humans and animals  from being killed.


Jesus is Baptized

John 1:29-34     29 The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world! 30 This is He of whom I said, ‘After me comes a Man who is preferred before me, for He was before me.’ 31 I did not know Him; but that He should be revealed to Israel, therefore I came baptizing with water.”

32 And John bore witness, saying, “I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and He remained upon Him. 33 I did not know Him, but He who sent me to baptize with water said to me, ‘Upon whom you see the Spirit descending, and remaining on Him, this is He who baptizes with the Holy Spirit.’ 34 And I have seen and testified that this is the Son of God.”


The Lord Jesus Christ the Son of God is baptized and He baptizes with the Holy Spirit. This is the Jesus who will make ready believers for the spirit world of God’s heaven. This is the Jesus we celebrate every year known as “Easter” or for Jews “Pesach” So, we celebrate Jesus every year at Easter just as God commanded the Jews to do.


John 5:1-6:2   After this there was a feast of the Jews, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. Now there is in Jerusalem by the Sheep Gate a pool, which is called in Hebrew, Bethesda, having five porches. In these lay a great multitude of sick people, blind, lame, paralyzed, waiting for the moving of the water. For an angel went down at a certain time into the pool and stirred up the water; then whoever stepped in first, after the stirring of the water, was made well of whatever disease he had. Now a certain man was there who had an infirmity thirty-eight years. When Jesus saw him lying there, and knew that he already had been in that condition a long time, He said to him, “Do you want to be made well?”

The sick man answered Him, “Sir, I have no man to put me into the pool when the water is stirred up; but while I am coming, another steps down before me.”

Jesus said to him, “Rise, take up your bed and walk.” And immediately the man was made well, took up his bed, and walked.

And that day was the Sabbath. 10 The Jews therefore said to him who was cured, “It is the Sabbath; it is not lawful for you to carry your bed.”

11 He answered them, “He who made me well said to me, ‘Take up your bed and walk.’ ”

12 Then they asked him, “Who is the Man who said to you, ‘Take up your bed and walk’?” 13 But the one who was healed did not know who it was, for Jesus had withdrawn, a multitude being in that place. 14 Afterward Jesus found him in the temple, and said to him, “See, you have been made well. Sin no more, lest a worse thing come upon you.”

15 The man departed and told the Jews that it was Jesus who had made him well.

16 For this reason the Jews persecuted Jesus, and sought to kill Him, because He had done these things on the Sabbath.

17 But Jesus answered them, “My Father has been working until now, and I have been working.”

18 Therefore the Jews sought all the more to kill Him, because He not only broke the Sabbath, but also said that God was His Father, making Himself equal with God.

19 Then Jesus answered and said to them, “Most assuredly, I say to you, the Son can do nothing of Himself, but what He sees the Father do; for whatever He does, the Son also does in like manner. 20 For the Father loves the Son, and shows Him all things that He Himself does; and He will show Him greater works than these, that you may marvel. 21 For as the Father raises the dead and gives life to them, even so the Son gives life to whom He will.

22 For the Father judges no one, but has committed all judgment to the Son, 23 that all should honor the Son just as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent Him.

24 Most assuredly, I say to you, he who hears My word and believes in Him who sent Me has everlasting life, and shall not come into judgment, but has passed from death into life. 25 Most assuredly, I say to you, the hour is coming, and now is, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God; and those who hear will live. 26 For as the Father has life in Himself, so He has granted the Son to have life in Himself, 27 and has given Him authority to execute judgment also, because He is the Son of Man. 28 Do not marvel at this; for the hour is coming in which all who are in the graves will hear His voice 29 and come forth—those who have done good, to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil, to the resurrection of condemnation. 30 I can of Myself do nothing. As I hear, I judge; and My judgment is righteous, because I do not seek My own will but the will of the Father who sent Me.

31 “If I bear witness of Myself, My witness is not true. 32 There is another who bears witness of Me, and I know that the witness which He witnesses of Me is true. 33 You have sent to John, and he has borne witness to the truth. 34 Yet I do not receive testimony from man, but I say these things that you may be saved. 35 He was the burning and shining lamp, and you were willing for a time to rejoice in his light.

36 But I have a greater witness than John’s; for the works which the Father has given Me to finish—the very works that I do—bear witness of Me, that the Father has sent Me.

37 And the Father Himself, who sent Me, has testified of Me. You have neither heard His voice at any time, nor seen His form. 38 But you do not have His word abiding in you, because whom He sent, Him you do not believe.

39 You search the Scriptures, for in them you think you have eternal life; and these are they which testify of Me. 40 But you are not willing to come to Me that you may have life.

41 “I do not receive honor from men. 42 But I know you, that you do not have the love of God in you. 43 I have come in My Father’s name, and you do not receive Me; if another comes in his own name, him you will receive. 44 How can you believe, who receive honor from one another, and do not seek the honor that comes from the only God? 45 Do not   you—Moses, in whom you trust. 46 For if you believed Moses, you would believe Me; for he wrote about Me. 47 But if you do not believe his writings, how will you believe My words?”

6 After these things Jesus went over the Sea of Galilee, which is the Sea of Tiberias. Then a great multitude followed Him, because they saw His signs which He performed on those who were diseased.


Exodus 12:14    14 So this day shall be to you a memorial; and you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord throughout your generations. You shall keep it as a feast by an everlasting ordinance.


So, this s an observance and a remembrance of the Lord bringing the Jews out of Egypt after four hundred years of slavery. It is one of the best known acts of kindness the Lord has shown mankind. Shabbat Pesach or Passover (Easter) will be celebrated until Jesus comes in the clouds to receive His Church (all believers aka saints).

Today we also celebrate Jesus for giving His life for our sins so we may be able to choose Jesus as our Lord and Savior and be able to enter God’s heaven when we die r when Jesus comes in the clouds to retrieve His church.


Jesus instructed His disciples on the cost of commitment to the Father’s will by disclosing His emotions. He was in turmoil (tetaraktai, “stirred, agitated”; cf. 11:33; 14:1) because of the prospect of being made sin (2 Cor. 5:21) in His death


Note: On the 10th day of the 1st month (Nissan) of the year in 3790 Jewish or 30AD Gregorian, Jesus rode His donkey colt into Jerusalem. It was a regular Sabbath day, a Saturday. The Jews picked their lambs for slaughter that day and Jesus was chosen as God’s Lamb. On the Fourteenth day (Wednesday) the Lambs were slaughtered just as Jesus died on the cross just before sundown. Passover was celebrated the next day the Fifteenth of Nisan (Thursday) an annual Sabbath day,. Then three days after the Fourteenth day on the seventeenth  day (Saturday) Jesus arose from the grave at sundown which was the beginning of Sunday for the Jews.

Isn’t it amazing how God the Father chose to have His Son killed the same day the 14th day of the First Month (Nisan or March-April on the Gregorian calendar) just as the Jewish people began killing their lambs and preparing for the Passover meal which celebrates the Lord for taking the Jews out of Egypt after 400 years of slavery.

We know the day of Passover today as Easter. We celebrate it now on the Sunday closest to the 15th day of Nissan. The 15th of Nissan on the Jewish calendar varies from March to April on the Gregorian calendar. That is why we celebrate Easter sometimes in March and sometimes in April.

See CB’s article on “The Dates and Events of Jesus Death” for a more in-depth accounting of Jesus’ death.


        God in all His holiness is only your creator until you accept Him. After you accept Him He becomes your God, your Father, your creator and will cleanse you of your sins, hear your prayers, teach you the truth and accept you into the kingdom of His heaven.

        God is testing us every day and has given us the right to make our own choices. Do you know which ones are the right choices in Gods mind?

        Fear God, love God, honor God, and trust God with all your heart, mind and soul and you will receive and experience the joy of the promises of God’s blessings in His time.


Prayer:  Father in heaven, hallowed is Thy Name.  I praise You for Your Son and the Holy Spirit. I praise You for Your grace in sending us Your wisdom about “Passover.” I praise You for Your caring, Your loving kindness, and Your generosity.  Only Your graciousness and love could forgive the sins of mankind and still allow him to become a Son or daughter of Yours. Please bless those who have read this article for they too seek Your righteous truth, love, wisdom and understanding.

May God, Jesus, The Holy Spirit and Christianity be our guiding lights, our safety nets and our inspiration for loving happiness in all of Your kingdom. Father into your hands I commend my spirit. Not my will, but yours be done. Please come Lord Jesus.


I pray in Jesus sweet name and to His glory through the power of the Holy Spirit,