Salvation / The Key Terms of Salvation

Pg. 1879 & Pg. 1904 The Nelson Study Bible (Romans)

IN Depth Salvation

In the letter to the Romans we find the Apostle Paul’s clearest and most detailed explanation of the gospel message. After his customary salutation, Paul explains his unabashed passion for taking the Good News of Christ to the ends of the earth: “It is the power of God to salvation for everyone who believes” (Rom. 1:16). The Greek word for salvation used by Paul literally means “deliverance” or “ preservation.” In a spiritual context, the idea is rescue from the power of dominion of sin. Paul’s fervor for preaching the gospel was rooted in its power “to free” or “to rescue” people from the tragic consequences of their own sin.

Paul and the other New Testament writers portray Jesus Christ, on the basis of His sacrificial death on the cross in the place of sinners, as the Author and Provider of salvation (see Rom. 3:24, 25,; Acts 4:12; Heb. 12:2). This spiritual deliverance is graciously and lovingly offered by God to all people, but only those who repent and trust in Jesus will experience its blessings (see John 3:16; Eph. 2:8, 9; Heb. 2:3).

What exactly are those blessings? Some Bible teachers summarize them as salvation from the penalty of sin, salvation from the power of sin, and salvation from the presence of sin. Theologians use the terms justification, sanctification, and glorification. Justification is the divine act of declaring sinners to be righteous on account of their faith in Jesus. He paid for their sins completely and finally on the cross, and through faith in Him their sins can be forgiven (see 3:21; 4:5; 5:1). Closely related to justification is regeneration, in which the Spirit of God indwells a repentant sinner and imparts eternal life to his or her spiritually dead soul (see Eph. 2:1-5). Santification is the process in which God develops the new life of the believer and gradually brings it to perfection (see6:11; Phil. 1:6). Glorification is the ultimate salvation of the whole person. This occurs when we are face to face with our Savior in His coming kingdom. At that time, God will completely mold us into the image of Christ (see 8:29,30; Phil. 3:21). Then we will be able to enjoy complete fellowship with God, singing His praises forever.

Other benefits of salvation include reconciliation and adoption. When our sins are forgiven, we move from a position of  being God’s enemies to being His beloved children (see John 1:12; Gal. 4:4,5; Eph. 1:5).

It is any wonder that the Apostle Paul was so excited about the gospel and its power to save? The more we consider the marvelous truth of salvation, the more enthusiastic we will be, thankful to God and eager to share with others the hope that is in us (see 1 Pet. 3:15).


The Key Terms of Salvation

Paul, in the Epistle to the Romans, attempts to portray God’s plan of salvation in a concise and clear manner. In doing so, he uses words whose meanings are not widely known today. Here is a brief glossary of the key terms of salvation in this book (Romans):


Faith – (Ref. 1:17; 4:9; 12:6) “Belief, trust”; faith is the sinful menu by which people can experience and enjoy all the blessings of salvation. It is a complete trust in Jesus for salvation from sin and the coming judgment.


Gospel – (1:16; 11:28) “Good News”; Paul uses this word to refer to the wonderful message of forgiveness and eternal life in Christ.


Grace – (1:5; 5:2; 12:3) The unmerited favor of God”, this term refers to God’s inexplicable giving of good things (especially salvation) to undeserving people who could never earn it. Salvation is a free gift made possible by Christ’s death on our behalf.


Justification – (4:25; 5:18) “ The act of being declared righteous”; a legal term used by Paul to describe the spiritual transaction whereby God (the Judge) declares those who trust in Christ and what He has done for them on the Cross, to be acceptable before Him. Such a verdict is possible only because Christ has settled all the claims of the Law against sinners.


Law – (2:12; 4:13; 7:12; 10:4; 13:8) “The commandments given by God”; Paul emphasizes both the holy character of the Law and the inability of sinful people to live according to it. The Law becomes a burden and a curse, until we allow it to point us to Christ, who perfectly fulfills all its requirements.


Propitiation – (3:25) “The satisfaction of God’s Holy wrath against sin”; rebellion against God results in the wrath of God and must be met with judgment. By dying in our place and taking our sins upon Himself, Jesus satisfies God’s righteous anger against all who believe.


Redemption – (3:24; 8:23) “The act of freeing someone by paying a purchase price”; this economic term is used by Paul in a theological sense to describe how Christ paid the penalty required by God for our sins (that is, death) by giving His own life on the Cross. When we believe, Jesus frees us from sin.


Righteousness – “God’s standard of purity” or “God’s own truthfulness and faithfulness”; God is holy, therefore He cannot tolerate sin. It is through Jesus Christ that we can find righteousness that is acceptable to God. Christ not only takes away our sin, but He grants us His perfect purity.


Salvation – (1:16; 10:10) “Deliverance; this word is often used in the Bible to describe someone being rescued from physical harm. The word is often used by Paul chiefly to denote deliverance from sin and its deadly consequences.


Sin – (3:9; 5:12; 7:11; 8:2; 14:23) “Missing the mark” or “disobedience to God’s law”; several different Greek words are used by Paul to describe the tendency of humans to rebel against God. Sin can be broadly defined as any attitude or action that opposes the character and will of God. Sin is what brings death— that is, separation from God.


Dake’s Annotated Reference Bible describes salvation in the following manner:

Salvation Is Used Of:

  1. Deliverance from danger (Exodus 14)
  2. Victory over enemies (1 Sam. 14)
  3. Healing of the body (Acts 3:6; 4:12)
  4. Forgiveness of sin (Lk. 19:9; Rom. 10:9-10; Ps. 38:18-22; 51:1-13; 79:9)
  5. Freedom from prison (Phil. 1:19)
  6. Deliverance from captivity (Ps. 14)
  7. Deliverance from wrath (1 Thes. 5:9)


Salvation From Faith Comes Through:

  1. Confession (Rom. 10:9; 1 Jn. 1:9)
  2. Grace through faith (Eph. 2:8-9)
  3. Sanctification of the Spirit and
  4. Belief of the truth (2 Thes. 2:13)
  5. Godly sorrow (2 Cor. 7:10)
  6. Faith in His blood ((Rom. 3:25)
  7. Faith in His name (Acts 4:12)


All of these articles describe Salvation from a different perspective but all lead to salvation.


To the mot yet believers, please do this for God, He loves a sinner who repents and is greatly pleased to have the reformed sinner be a child of His.

God is testing us every day and has given us the right to make our own choices. Do you know which ones are the right choices in Gods mind?

Fear God, love God, honor God, and trust God with all your heart, mind and soul and you will receive and experience the joy of the promises of God’s blessings in His time.


Prayer:   Father in heaven, I praise You for Your Son and the Holy Spirit.  I praise You for Your grace in sending us Your wisdom about the “Key Terms of Salvation.”  Please bless those who have read this article for they too are seeking Your righteous truth, love, wisdom and understanding.

May God, Jesus, The Holy Spirit and Christianity be our guiding lights, our safety nets and our inspiration for loving happiness in all of Your kingdom. Father into your hands I commend my spirit. Not my will, but Yours be done. Please come Lord Jesus.

I pray in Jesus sweet name and to His glory through the power of the Holy Spirit,